The Horn of Africa Resilience Network (HoRN) supports USAID’s objective of strengthening regional and cross-national collaboration and improving evidence-based resilience programming; to end extreme poverty and promote resilient, democratic societies that feature broad-based economic growth, healthy, well-nourished, and educated populations, and environmental sustainability.
USAID’s collaboration, learning, and adapting (CLA) approach can reveal what is working, guide management decisions, and identify local solutions to local problems. CLA is a process that engages people as individuals, households, communities, and part of systems as well as USAID, partners, and networks in efforts to strengthen both resilience capacities, and the capacities to develop resilience.
2. BUILDING CAPACITY OF COUNTY GOVERNMENTS AND LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS
Local institutions, private sector partners, and civil society organizations serve as engines of growth and opportunity in their countries. We’re also forging new partnerships with non-governmental organizations to increase government accountability to its citizens. This platform brings together relief and development actors and resources to take joint action in support of effective country-led plans, with an emphasis on building resilience and promoting economic growth in the Horn of Africa.
USAID is working with more local organizations to improve their capacity, build new effective and long-term partnerships and reduce the need for foreign aid over time. Building capacity and increased partnership with the private sector and civil society, as well as government, will spur investment and growth while improving transparency and accountability. The goal is to capitalize on the extensive field presence of local development partners by directly funding projects in areas where local organizations can be most effective. With recognition that strengthening local capacity may require significant time and some additional technical assistance, such partnerships serve the goal of developing local capacity and fostering a sustainable model for development in the HoRN.
3. ENHANCED PARTNERSHIP TO ERADICATE DROUGHT EMERGENCIES
The Ending Drought Emergencies Initiative (EDE) is a new approach that recognises that droughts cause emergencies because the foundations needed to support sustainable livelihoods in drought-prone areas – principally security, infrastructure and human capital (education, health and nutrition) – are often weak. This weakness is due to historical imbalances in investment, which are recognised by the Constitution and one of the drivers of devolution. The EDE initiative will accelerate investment in these development foundations as well as strengthen the institutions responsible for managing drought risks.
The EDE is being implemented through a Common Programme Framework that will ensure stronger alignment and coordination of investment and activity between the National Government, the County Governments and Development Partners. It is also aligned with the 2013 Kenya External Resources Policy, and specifically its requirements for country ownership and leadership, mutual accountability, managing for development results, and stronger alignment and coordination.
The Framework recognises the entitlements and opportunities with regard to drought risk management and development created by the Constitution of Kenya 2010. The Constitution obliges the state to equalise opportunity, protect the vulnerable, and progressively realise a portfolio of rights, including the right to be free from hunger.
The content of the Framework is further rooted in the analysis and priorities of Sessional Paper No. 8
of 2012 on the National Policy for the Sustainable Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands, and in the Vision 2030 Development Strategy for Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands.
It is also consistent with, and will contribute to, the strategies for almost all the Medium Term Expenditure Framework sectors.
USAID defines resilience to recurrent crisis as the ability of people, households, communities, countries, and systems to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth.